High blood pressure is medically termed as hypertension. It is also called the silent killer because most times, there are no early symptoms. It silently damages the heart, kidneys and other important organs in the body.
It is always safe to consult your doctor and get a thorough examination as soon as you notice any of the following signs.
- Recurring Headaches – While it is not necessary that every headache is a symptom of high blood pressure, experiencing recurring headaches at frequent intervals is a red flag. Consult a medical practitioner immediately to know the cause of the headache and rule out hypertension.
- Fatigue and confusion – Fatigue is a feeling of disinterest and tiredness throughout the day. There are many reasons for fatigue like lack of sleep, anaemia, diabetes and thyroid problems. High blood pressure may also cause fatigue in certain people. If you have a feeling of constant tiredness, consult a doctor and get a check-up done to know the exact reasons and treat them
- Vision problems – There are several eye diseases which cause vision problems. However, if you experience blurred vision and notice red spots in the eyes, consult your eye doctor immediately. The doctor will conduct a thorough examination of the eyes and will be able to find out an exact reason for your vision problems. Diabetes and high blood pressure are known to cause issues with vision, which may cost you your eyesight if not treated at the right time
- Chest pain – Chest pain is not always a heart attack. It may occur because of a large variety of conditions like Lung diseases or problem with the oesophagus, muscles and ribs. Since chest pain is one of the indicators of a heart attack, consult a doctor immediately if you experience it.
- Difficulty breathing – Difficulty in breathing is considered to be an indicator of high blood pressure. While in some cases it may be right, irregular breathing is also caused by a side effect of certain medicines and other lung disorders. Smokers also experience irregular breathing because of decreased lung function. However, it is important to have a thorough medical examination to find out the causes of breathlessness, so that you can get proper treatment.
- Irregular heartbeat – Also known as palpitations, it is a feeling of a hard and fast heartbeat. Heart palpitations can be noticed in chest, neck or throat. Most of the times, palpitations are an effect of consuming caffeine, nicotine, alcohol or some medications. They are also caused due to stress and anxiety. Consult a specialist immediately if you feel recurrent palpitations combined with other symptoms like chest pain and blurred vision.
- Blood in Urine – Blood in urine is a symptom of a serious illness. It may occur because of a bladder infection, kidney infection, stones in the kidney, high blood pressure or an enlarged prostate. Blood in the urine may also be caused by a tumour in kidneys, bladder or prostate. Sometimes vigorous exercise can also cause blood in urine as well. Consult a specialist doctor immediately if you notice any blood in your urine discharge so that they can get the required tests done and find out the actual cause.
High blood pressure may lead to fatal outcomes if not managed in the right manner. It is advised to visit a doctor immediately if you notice any one or a combination of the above conditions.