Anemia is a medical condition in which your red blood cell count or hemoglobin levels drop below normal. It is usually a result of excessive bleeding, thus increasing the loss of red blood cells. Anemia can also be triggered by a decrease in the production of red blood cells due to a deficiency of iron or vitamins.
India is one of the top countries with people suffering from anemia: around 59 percent of India’s population is anemic.
There are many different types of anemia with diverse symptoms. Yet, there are a few common signs that you can look out for. Women especially need to be wary of these symptoms:
1. Fatigue and loss of energy
A loss of healthy red blood cells often leads to the loss of energy and causes fatigue. If you feel tired and weak throughout the day due to inexplicable reasons, you could be showing early signs of being anemic. Get a blood test just to be sure.
2. Lack of concentration
Do you often find yourself unable to complete the tasks that you have started? A noticeable reduction in the ability to concentrate is often linked to anemia.
A test to determine the total red blood cell count in the body can tell if you have anemia.
Unexplained bouts of dizziness are a major sign of anemia. If you have been feeling lightheaded, especially when you stand suddenly after a prolonged period of sitting or sleeping, you might specifically have an iron deficiency.
4. Pale skin
The loss of red blood cells from the body causes the skin to turn pale. If your complexion looks unusually pale, it could be a sign that the hemoglobin levels in your blood have diminished, thus causing your body to lose color.
5. Rapid heartbeat
Reduced hemoglobin levels often cause an oddly rapid rate of heartbeat. If your heart rate rises rapidly even after very little exertion, it’s time for a trip to the nearest diagnostic center.
6. Shortness of breath
Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath even with a slight amount of exercise could be an early sign of anemia.
7. Leg cramps
Unexplained muscle cramps in legs and thighs can be connected to hemoglobin loss from blood.
Anemia can cause sleep disruptions and lead to insomnia. If your sleep cycle is hindered, get an anemia test.
Although singularly these symptoms may be caused by a number of reasons other than anemia, if you experience more than two of them simultaneously, a visit to the doctor is definitely a good idea.