Insulin-dependent diabetes is also known as Type 1 Diabetes. The chronic condition is caused because of the reduced level of insulin production by the pancreas. Insulin is the hormone which controls blood sugar levels in the body. It is needed to process glucose and to convert it into energy.
Type 1 Diabetes usually occurs in childhood or adolescence; hence it used to also be referred to as Juvenile Diabetes.
This condition can also develop during adulthood and has no cure, it is caused by a number of factors such as genetics, certain types of viruses and other environmental factors.
There are some common symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes. These symptoms may show up all of a sudden and require an urgent consultation with your doctor if you notice them:
- Increased thirst and extreme hunger.
- Weakness and sense of fatigue.
- Sudden weight loss.
- Frequent urination.
- Blurred vision.
- Sudden mood swings and irritability.
It is very important to consult a doctor as soon as you notice any of the above symptoms. A doctor will order a thorough blood test to know if you have developed insulin-dependent diabetes.
The exact cause of Type 1 Diabetes is still unknown, but what we do know is that it’s caused when the body’s immune system starts to destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Studies are still in progress to learn the exact reasons behind this variant of Diabetes.
Here are some known risk factors for Type 1 Diabetes in adults:
- Family history: Diabetes is hereditary. So if you have a family member suffering from Type 1 Diabetes, you are in the high-risk category.
- Genetics: Certain genetic make-ups may result in the occurrence of insulin-dependent diabetes.
- Location: As per studies, people living farther from the equator are at an increased risk of developing Type 1 Diabetes.
- Age: Type 1 Diabetes occurs mainly during childhood and adolescence. The two peak ages of developing this chronic condition are between 4 to 7 years and between 10 to 14 years.
Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic disease and gradually affects other parts of the body. However, the effects and risk factors can be controlled with proper usage of insulin combined with the other medications as prescribed by the doctor.
If you’re diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes, don’t lose heart. A good diet and a healthy lifestyle go a long way in controlling different forms of Diabetes and Type 1 Diabetes is no exception.