High Blood Pressure (HBP or Hypertension) is commonly referred to as the “silent killer” since it can cause severe damage to various internal organs without being detected or diagnosed, unlike most other life-threatening diseases. Several patients endure years of having HBP without even realising that they have it.

This article outlines how HBP or Hypertension is harmful to your body, along with symptoms that could be indicative of the problem.

Is HBP or Hypertension harmful?

Yes, high levels of hypertension can damage several internal organs. HBP can affect the functioning of your kidneys, causing kidney failure and swelling of the legs. It can also affect your eyes causing some degree of vision loss. HBP is a high-risk factor for your heart with conditions including shortness of breath, chest pain, and even heart attacks.

HBP in pregnant women can also lead to a condition called Pre-eclampsia, which can cause major damage to the internal organs and brains.

High blood pressure symptoms

Unfortunately for most patients, high blood pressure has very few or no symptoms. Regular checkups of blood pressure levels by certified health personnel is the only way to guard yourself against the harmful effects of HBP.

Although they cannot be termed as symptoms, people with HBP may experience one or more of the following:

  • Headaches or nose-bleeds, which in most cases, are not caused by HBP.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Bloodspots in the eyes, which are more common in diabetics, although neither of these ailments is responsible for causing this condition.
  • Facial flushing, which occurs due to the dilation of the facial blood vessels. This could happen in certain conditions such as sudden exposure to the sun, cold weather, consuming spicy food, or use of certain skin care products.
  • Dizziness, which is again not caused exclusively by HBP, but is known to be a side effect of some blood pressure medications.
  • Shortness of breath.

A sudden spike in blood pressure among HBP patients can lead to an emergency condition called a hypertensive crisis. This is indicated by a blood pressure reading of 180/120 mm or higher. In this condition, patients experience severe symptoms.

Some of these are listed below:

  • A severe headache or a migraine.
  • High levels of anxiety.
  • Severe pain in the chest region.
  • Constant changes in vision.
  • Extreme shortness of breath.
  • Nose bleeding.

Despite the major health risks associated with HBP, early detection of this ailment can help in avoiding future complications. Regular check-ups and monitoring of your blood pressure levels can go a long way in keeping this potentially life-threatening condition at bay.

Additionally, for HBP patients, measures such as lifestyle changes, diet changes, exercising, weight loss, or medication can be quite helpful.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms outlined in this article, you are recommended to consult your physician or doctor immediately for a blood pressure checkup, and for determining the right treatment method for the symptoms.


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