Diabetes Mellitus, generally known as Diabetes, is a chronic disease. Diabetes is caused when the body is unable to produce, process and use insulin as required.
In Diabetes, the pancreas, which normally produces insulin, does not function optimally, leading to the condition. Low insulin affects the body’s ability to absorb glucose, which ends up causing excess sugar in the blood. People who suffer from Diabetes display three main symptoms:
- Polyuria: This is frequent urination.
- Polydipsia: This is a frequent feeling of thirst.
- Polyphagia: This is the occurrence of frequent food cravings.
Diabetes is primarily classified into Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. In Type 1 Diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, and in Type 2, it the insulin produced does not function as it should.
While Type 1 Diabetes requires a strict medication regimen, Type 2 Diabetes can usually be controlled with exercise and healthy food habits.
Manage Type 2 Diabetes with healthy choices
Type 2 Diabetes can be managed. With a few modifications in your lifestyle, making healthy food choices with nutritious and balanced diet and having some form of regular exercise like walking, it is possible to manage Type 2 Diabetes and to keep it under control.
Management of Diabetes does not mean that it will be cured, you will have to get your sugar levels checked regularly; although you may not need medicines anymore.
Type 2 Diabetes affects the body in a major way. The first side effect that it causes is obesity. The first lifestyle modification that a Diabetic person must make is to add regular exercise to their daily routine. Reducing body weight is directly proportional to an increase in body metabolism which, in turn, helps in the production of insulin in the body.
Brisk walking of a minimum of 30 minutes per day for five days a week is a good start. You can also meet a clinical nutritionist to find your ideal body weight to gain an understanding of your target weight.
A healthy and nutritious diet is the next step. Consumption of dark green leafy vegetables helps, as it lowers that HbA1c levels in the body. Include ginger, garlic, peppers and onions in your cooking.
Alongside, you should ensure that you eat non-starchy food. This means that you should opt for diet that is low in carbohydrates. Carbohydrates turn into sugars once they are broken down in the body, and this is not good for a Diabetic.
Nevertheless, there are “good” carbohydrates like legumes which you can consume. Foods rich in fiber help too. It is also a good idea to include nuts such as almonds and walnuts in your daily diet. They will keep you off binge eating and also help fight insulin resistance in the body due to their anti-inflammatory properties.
Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids like lentils and beans also work wonders for Diabetes. By following a healthy and nutritious diet, you can expect weight loss and improved body metabolism.
Type 2 Diabetes is not life-threatening; however, it important to understand that living with it and not managing it properly can lead to other complications. Since this condition can be managed with just a few modifications to your lifestyle, it is advisable to do so.