Have you or any of the women in your family been diagnosed with Anaemia? Well! This medical condition is quite prevalent among woman of all ages. Anaemia occurs when there is an iron deficiency in the body; in other words, when the blood lacks Haemoglobin or healthy red blood cells.
Iron is required by the blood in the form of Haemoglobin to carry oxygen to other parts of the body. When there is a reduced count of Haemoglobin (Hgb) in the red blood cells, a person is affected by Anaemia. Here is what you need to know about how to avoid the condition.
- Women of reproductive age are more prone to iron deficiency due to menstruation blood loss, demands of increased blood supply during pregnancy, or excessive blood loss while delivering a child.
- Anaemia can be hereditary and sometimes affects infants at the time of birth.
- Poor diet and multiple medical conditions can be a reason why women of older age suffer from anaemia.
The causes of Anaemia can be classified into three types:
- Caused by Blood loss
- Caused by reproduction of unhealthy and faulty red blood corpuscles
- Caused by destruction of red blood corpuscles
The symptoms of Anaemia include:
- dizziness or fainting regularly,
- lack of concentration and focus
- headaches, excessive hair loss
- restless leg syndrome
- shivers and chills
- the decrease in the pink colour of palms, nail bed, eyelid lines, gums and lips
- paleness in the skin & tongue
- a rapid increase in heart rate
- shortness of breath, breathing difficulty
- heavy periods
Anaemia can be overcome anaemia with the combination of a healthy, balanced diet and medication, depending on the severity of the condition.
- Acquire a comprehensive understanding of your body’s needs for iron. The minimum intake of iron should be about 15 mg in women. Pregnant women should increase the consumption to about 27 mg per day while the lactating women can keep it to 10 mg per day.
- Including red meat, figs, apricots, prunes, vitamin C rich foods like orange to your diet can do wonders. A glass of orange juice with your meal works extremely well as it helps the body absorb more iron.
- Green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and beans are rich in folic acid. You can include generous amounts of salad, additional servings of orange, tangerines, lemons, grapefruits, dark and green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, pulses, lentils, asparagus, beans and whole grain cereals in your meals as well.
- Lower the intake of tea, coffee and dairy products.
- Consumption of raisins, carrots, gooseberries, dates, almonds etc is advisable.
- Your doctor might suggest you ingest iron, B12 and folic acid supplements depending on the Haemoglobin level findings in your blood report.
Anaemia can easily be treated after diagnosis. The condition can be extremely mild and go unnoticed in the beginning. However, symptoms begin to show up as the condition continues to grow, and can worsen when left untreated. It is always advisable to go for regular health checkups with your family to avoid the condition altogether.